How To Prevent Skin Cancer Symptoms Early?
Cancer of the skin is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide, with about 20% of Americans developing it at some point in their lives. However, the good news is that skin cancer patients have a survival rate of 99% if it is detected and treated in the early stages. Moreover, there are some ways you can prevent skin cancer or at least lower your risk of developing it. Let us try to understand how skin cancer symptoms can be prevented early.
What is Skin Cancer?
This cancer has an abnormal growth of skin cells generally resulting from excessive exposure to the sun and harmful ultraviolet rays. Though most skin cancers develop on exposed areas of the body, well-covered body parts can also be sometimes affected. Skin cancer can take many different forms but is seen as one of the following three common types:
Melanoma – Though not so common as others, it is one of the most severe skin cancer types. Some of the most common symptoms include large brown spots with speckles, a lesion with unusual sections or borders, dark-colored lesions on toes, fingers, palms, or soles, or the mouth lining, nose, anus, or vagina. It can also occur in the form of a mole that oozes or changes its size, texture, or color.
Basal Cell Carcinoma – This cancer starts in the basal cells in the skin’s outer layer and looks like a waxy bump or brown flat scar-like lesion.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma – This type of cancer also forms in the outer layer of the squamous cells. Common signs include red, firm nodules or flat lesions with a crusty surface.
Preventing Skin Cancer Symptoms Early
There is no sure way to prevent skin cancer because factors like age, race, family history, and others cannot be controlled. However, in most cases, skin cancer symptoms can be avoided by following some simple measures. Here are some ways you can reduce your risk of developing skin cancer.
Watch for Unusual Changes in Skin
As most skin cancers develop in visible areas, there is a high chance that they can be detected early. One should examine the skin to notice any new or abnormal growths or changes. Anything suspicious should be immediately reported to a physician or dermatologist to rule out the signs and make a diagnosis.
One of the first signs of non-melanoma skin cancer is a sore or abnormal skin growth that does not go away. Skin cancer in its early phase appears like an irregular patch, rash, or nodule on the surface. They are generally raised and can ooze or bleed. As cancer grows, the shape and size of the mass can change, and the disease can spread deeper into the layers of the skin.
Some forms of moles have chances of converting into melanoma. If you have many moles, you should get a routine examination done by a dermatologist to identify any risks. Depending on their appearance, the doctor may keep a close watch on these moles or advise removing them.
Avoid Immune System Weakening
Having a weak immune system increases your risk of developing skin cancer. Infections like HIV can weaken your immune system, so avoiding risk factors of such infections is best to lower your risk of skin and other types of cancer. Some people are on medication that suppresses the immune system. These include patients suffering from autoimmune diseases and those who had organ transplants.
Limit UV Exposure
Protecting yourself from exposure to ultraviolet rays is the most important way to prevent skin cancer symptoms early. To do this, minimize going out in the sun between 10 am and 4 pm or use sunscreen when outdoors. See that you stay in the shade, cover your legs and arms with clothes, wear sunglasses and a hat, and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher to protect yourself from harmful UV rays.
One way to limit your exposure to ultraviolet rays is to avoid using tanning beds. Sunlamps and tanning beds emit UV rays which can result in long-term skin damage and increase the risk of developing skin cancer. Children should be protected from sun exposure as they spend time outdoors.
Though skin cancer is quite common, it is possible to lower your risk of developing one by following these measures. Also, check your skin regularly for any changes or abnormal growths and immediately report any suspicious signs to your doctor. Skin cancer symptoms can be treated if found early.
Get in touch with the experts at Max Healthcare group for medical guidance and further knowledge on different treatment and prevention methods.
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