What are Piles? Symptoms,Types & Treatments

What are Piles? Symptoms,Types & Treatments

Piles, often known as Hemorrhoids, are bulging veins in the anus and lower rectum that resemble varicose veins. Nearly three out of every four adults at some point in their lives. Piles caused by a number of things, although the exact cause is usually unknown. Even though piles are rarely harmful, they can cause major health problems if ignored. Let’s take a look at the reasons, types, symptoms, and treatments that can help prevent or cure hemorrhoids in this blog.

What are Piles (Hemorrhoids)?

The aggregation of swollen or inflamed tissues in the anal canal is known as piles or hemorrhoids. They can induce tissue growths in and around the anus, which can be very uncomfortable. These growths might vary in size.

What are Piles
What are Piles

Types of Piles:

They can be internal or external to the anus and come in a variety of sizes.

Internal hemorrhoids:

Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum, these can’t be seen or felt but can be observed with bleeding. These Types commonly found between 2 and 4 centimeters above the tip of the anus opening.

Four categories of internal piles:

Grade 1: These are little hemorrhoids within the anus lining.

Grade 2: hemorrhoids are significantly larger than grade 1 hemorrhoids and also lie within the anus. These hemorrhoids pushed out while passing stool, but they will eventually return to their normal position.

Grade 3: Also known as ‘prolapsed hemorrhoids,’ these are a type of hemorrhoids that have prolapsed. They appear on the anus’ outskirts. By pressing against them with his fingers, the patient can force them back in.

Grade 4: These hemorrhoids unable to moved back and always remain outside the anus. They must be treated by a doctor, who will most likely recommend surgery.

External Piles:

External hemorrhoids develop beneath the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids). Outside of the anal area, where there are many pain-sensing nerves. Therefore pain can be felt.


Although it is unknown what causes the veins around your anus to grow and protrude, roughly two out of every four adults suffer from hemorrhoids. Constipation, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, smoking and alcohol, family history, being pregnant or obese, regular heavy eating, and stress are all prevalent factors that raise the risk of piles.

Piles Signs and Symptoms

Usually, piles symptoms aren’t serious and will go away on their own within a few days. Here are some examples of Piles symptoms:

Hemorrhoids: Overview and More

•  A hard and painful mass containing coagulated blood is felt around the anus. External hemorrhoids, or thrombosed external hemorrhoids, are types of bloody piles.

•  Even after passing a stool, you may have the sensation that your bowels are full.

•  Visibility of bright crimson blood after a bowel movement

•  Around the anus area, there is itching, redness, and pain.

•  Stool passing that hurts

The following are examples of a more severe piles condition:

•  Incontinence of the bowels

•  Strangulated hemorrhoids


Depending on the type of pile, the degree of prolapse, and the severity of the problem, the treatment may differ. These self-care suggestions, on the other hand, may assist to relieve hemorrhoid pain and encourage healing:

Drink lots of water.

Drinking 2 liters of water every day can help prevent piles by keeping the stool soft.

Diet Change

The straining that occurs during bowel motions is one of the most common causes of Piles. Constipation can cause excessive straining; as a result, a healthy diet adjustment might result in regular, softer stools. A change in diet could include consuming more fiber-rich foods including fruits and vegetables and bran-based breakfast cereal. Another suggestion is to stay away from caffeine.


Constipation avoided and eased by staying active, lowering the pressure on the veins. It can also assist you in losing weight, which is another main cause of piles.

Alternative Medical Treatment

Various drugs can be used to alleviate the symptoms of piles to a certain extent. Among them are the following:

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications are widely available over the counter in pharmacies or online. They come in the shape of medicines, ointments, pads, and other products that aid to reduce inflammation and swelling in the area. It not recommended to use them for more than a week because some negative effects may appear.

Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory and anti-pain medications.

Laxatives may be provided to help the patient with constipation and relieve some strain.


Approximately 10% of persons with piles require surgery of some kind (1 in 10 people). As a piles treatment, you can choose from the following piles operations:

Banding: When a doctor wraps an elastic band around the piles to cut off the blood supply, this is known as banding. Within a few days, it normally falls off. This strategy utilized for piles that are not yet classified as Grade IV.

Sclerotherapy: involves injecting drugs into the hemorrhoids to get them to shrink. This non-banding option utilized on Grade II and Grade III.

Infrared Coagulation: This treatment involves using a device to burn the tissue of the hemorrhoids. Prevalent in piles of grades I and II.

Hemorrhoidectomy: This operation is the most successful since it removes all of the extra tissue that is causing the bleeding. However, there is a danger of side effects such as constipation and urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Hemorrhoid stapling: Blood supply to the problem restricted using hemorrhoid stapling, which is less painful than hemorrhoidectomy. It may, however, result in a recurrence of piles and rectal prolapse.


We can tell that piles do not constitute a significant threat to your general health and well-being. Patients can treat themselves up to grade III or IV, but if the condition worsens, medical help will be required. Nonetheless, the piles’ operation and pilonidal sinus surgery procedures indicated are effective and require a short recovery time.


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